Slough MP, Fiona Mactaggart is calling for families who are in problem debt to be better supported and protected as a new report exposes the true impact of debt on children.
According to The Debt Trap, a new report from The Children’s Society and StepChange Debt Charity, problem debt is putting stress on family relationships, damaging children and trapping families in a downward spiral of borrowing.
The report finds that two and a half million children live in families with problem debt, who are behind on £4.8 billion of household bills and loan repayments. A further five million children are in families that are struggling to keep up with repayments and risk falling behind. Their findings show that children are suffering worry and anxiety, bullying and going without essentials as their families are trapped in problem debt.
- Bullying - Children in families with problem debt are more than twice as likely to be unhappy at school and be bullied because they don’t have the same things as their friends.
- Worry - More than half of children (58%) in families with problem debt say they worry about their family’s financial situation
- Family - Half of children in families with problem debt (47%) say it causes arguments in the family.
- Going without - Nine out of ten families in problem debt say they have had to cut back on essentials like food, clothing or heating for their children in order to keep up repayments.
- Early exposure to debt - More than half of children aged 10 to 17 said they saw advertising for loans ‘often’ or ‘all of the time’. But only one in five children said that their school had taught them about money management and debt.
Fixing the debt trap
To help families and children who are caught up in debt – The Children’s Society and Step Change are calling for changes to how creditors treat families with children who fall behind on bills and repayments. They are calling on the government to review whether the protection for children against the harm caused by debt collection – including evictions, bailiffs and court action – is fit for purpose and consider developing a ‘breathing space’ scheme to give struggling families an extended period of protection from additional charges, further interest and enforcement action.
A third of parents (32%) in problem debt said that councils were not helpful at all when they sought help with debts, and 42% of parents in problem debt said payday lenders treated them ‘badly’ or ‘very badly’.
The report calls on every council to create a debt collection strategy which takes into account the impact on families with children.
Regulators should make sure that creditors have ‘early warning systems’ in place, so they know when their customers are facing financial difficulties and offer advice and support. Earlier and wider access to debt support and advice could help families put the brakes on a downward cycle of debt and reduce the impact on children.
The report’s authors say that children should be learning about borrowing from their schools and families, rather than from advertising by lenders. The charities call for tighter restrictions on advertising to children, as well as piloting savings accounts for children through credit unions.
The report coincides with The Children’s Society’s launch of ‘The Debt Trap’ - a campaign lifting the lid on the massive impact of debt on children’s lives.
Commenting on the report, Fiona said:
“This report is a disturbing new insight into how children are affected by debt. It’s not right that nine out of ten families in problem debt say they have had to cut back on essentials for their children in order to keep up repayments. I will be working in Parliament with Step Change and The Children’s Society to improve the support that families in debt receive. It is vital that government review whether the protection for children against the harm caused by debt collection is adequate.
Matthew Reed, Chief Executive of The Children’s Society, said:
“Families are increasingly relying on debt as a way to make ends meet – but we’re in danger of ignoring the impact this is having on children now and in the future. We cannot allow children to pay the price of debt.”
“With little savings to fall back on, it can take just one unexpected setback - like illness or being made redundant – to tip a family over the edge and into a debt trap that can feel impossible to escape from.
“This research exposes the shocking reality of parents lying awake at night worrying and unhappy children going without. Many families are feeling the squeeze and parents struggling on low wages are battling just to pay the bills.
Mike O’Connor, Chief Executive of StepChange Debt Charity, said:
“This report is a stark warning to policymakers, creditors and the wider society of the devastating effects of debt on children. Families face a unique set of pressures, but the sad reality is that for many parents credit which is often unsustainable has become the only way to cover their essential household bills.
“As parents become trapped in a toxic cycle of debt, children can become the unwitting victims. This is not acceptable in a society that aspires to justice and fairness. We need concerted action to ensure financially vulnerable families are given ‘breathing space’ to help them get back on their feet and protect both children and families from the most harmful effects of debt.”
Findings are based on a representative survey of 2,000 UK families commissioned by The Children’s Society, a survey of 4,400 British adults by YouGov and 15 in-depth interviews with families with problem debt.